technique:vim

Utiliser Vim

vimtutor fr
cp /etc/vim/vimrc ~.vimrc

buffer : espace mémoire associé à un fichier ouvert

views : espace de l'écran dédié à un buffer

tab : onglet contenant une ou des views

Il est possible d'avoir plusieurs views d'un même buffer côté à côte.

Il est possible d'avoir plusieurs tabs contenant chacun des views.

cp /etc/vimrc ~/.vimrc

Et le personnaliser avec :

set mouse=r # pour gestion copier/coller avec la souris dans un terminal
set number
set tabstop=4
set expandtab

Créer le dossier templates :

mkdir -p ~/.vim/templates

Créer ou récupérer des modèles comme xhtml.html :

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="fr" lang="fr">
  <head>
    <title>Titre de la page</title>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html;charset=UTF-8" />
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Language" content="fr" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, user-scalable=yes" charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="author" content="Prénom Nom" />
    <meta name="generator" content="vim" />
    <meta name="keywords" lang="fr" content="" />
    <meta name="description" content="la description de la page" />
   </head>
<body>
    <p>Contenu !</p>
</body>
</html>

Puis les activer dans .vimrc par extension :

au bufNewFile *.html 0r ~/.vim/templates/xhtml.html
set history=700
 
filetype plugin on
filetype indent on
 
set autoread
set ruler
set ignorecase
set smartcase
set hlsearch
set showmatch
 
syntax enable
autocmd BufRead,BufNewFile *.vue setfiletype html
 
if has("gui_running")
    set guioptions-=T
    set guioptions+=e
    set t_Co=256
    set guitablabel=%M\ %t
endif
 
set encoding=utf8
set ffs=unix,dos,mac
 
set nobackup
set nowb
set noswapfile
 
set expandtab
set smarttab
 
set shiftwidth=4
set tabstop=4
 
set lbr
set tw=500
 
set ai "Auto indent
set si "Smart indent
set wrap "Wrap lines
 
" Treat long lines as break lines (useful when moving around in them)
map j gj
map k gk
 
" Always show the status line
set laststatus=2
 
" Format the status line
set statusline=\ %F%m%r%h\ %w\ \ CWD:\ %r%{getcwd()}%h\ \ \ Line:\ %l
 
let data_dir = has('nvim') ? stdpath('data') . '/site' : '~/.vim'
if empty(glob(data_dir . '/autoload/plug.vim'))
  silent execute '!curl -fLo '.data_dir.'/autoload/plug.vim --create-dirs  https://raw.githubusercontent.com/junegunn/vim-plug/master/plug.vim'
  autocmd VimEnter * PlugInstall --sync | source $MYVIMRC
endif
 
call plug#begin('~/.vim/plugged')
Plug 'yuezk/vim-js'
Plug 'HerringtonDarkholme/yats.vim'
Plug 'maxmellon/vim-jsx-pretty'
Plug 'neoclide/coc.nvim', {'branch': 'release'}
Plug 'NLKNguyen/papercolor-theme'
Plug 'vim-airline/vim-airline'
Plug 'vim-airline/vim-airline-themes'
call plug#end()
 
colorscheme PaperColor
set background=dark
set number
let g:airline_theme='papercolor'
let g:airline_powerline_fonts = 1
 
set hidden
set nobackup
set nowritebackup
 
set updatetime=300
set shortmess+=c
 
" Always show the signcolumn, otherwise it would shift the text each time
" diagnostics appear/become resolved.
if has("nvim-0.5.0") || has("patch-8.1.1564")
  " Recently vim can merge signcolumn and number column into one
  set signcolumn=number
else
  set signcolumn=yes
endif
 
" Use tab for trigger completion with characters ahead and navigate.
" NOTE: Use command ':verbose imap <tab>' to make sure tab is not mapped by
" other plugin before putting this into your config.
inoremap <silent><expr> <TAB>
      \ pumvisible() ? "\<C-n>" :
      \ <SID>check_back_space() ? "\<TAB>" :
      \ coc#refresh()
inoremap <expr><S-TAB> pumvisible() ? "\<C-p>" : "\<C-h>"
 
function! s:check_back_space() abort
  let col = col('.') - 1
  return !col || getline('.')[col - 1]  =~# '\s'
endfunction
 
" Use <c-space> to trigger completion.
if has('nvim')
  inoremap <silent><expr> <c-space> coc#refresh()
else
  inoremap <silent><expr> <c-@> coc#refresh()
endif
 
" Make <CR> auto-select the first completion item and notify coc.nvim to
" format on enter, <cr> could be remapped by other vim plugin
inoremap <silent><expr> <cr> pumvisible() ? coc#_select_confirm()
                              \: "\<C-g>u\<CR>\<c-r>=coc#on_enter()\<CR>"
 
" Use `[g` and `]g` to navigate diagnostics
" Use `:CocDiagnostics` to get all diagnostics of current buffer in location list.
nmap <silent> [g <Plug>(coc-diagnostic-prev)
nmap <silent> ]g <Plug>(coc-diagnostic-next)
 
" GoTo code navigation.
nmap <silent> gd <Plug>(coc-definition)
nmap <silent> gy <Plug>(coc-type-definition)
nmap <silent> gi <Plug>(coc-implementation)
nmap <silent> gr <Plug>(coc-references)
 
" Use K to show documentation in preview window.
nnoremap <silent> K :call <SID>show_documentation()<CR>
 
function! s:show_documentation()
  if (index(['vim','help'], &filetype)>= 0)
    execute 'h '.expand('<cword>')
  elseif (coc#rpc#ready())
    call CocActionAsync('doHover')
  else
    execute '!' . &keywordprg . " " . expand('<cword>')
  endif
endfunction
 
" Highlight the symbol and its references when holding the cursor.
autocmd CursorHold * silent call CocActionAsync('highlight')
 
" Symbol renaming.
nmap <leader>rn <Plug>(coc-rename)
 
" Formatting selected code.
xmap <leader>f  <Plug>(coc-format-selected)
nmap <leader>f  <Plug>(coc-format-selected)
 
augroup mygroup
  autocmd!
  " Setup formatexpr specified filetype(s).
  autocmd FileType typescript,json setl formatexpr=CocAction('formatSelected')
  " Update signature help on jump placeholder.
  autocmd User CocJumpPlaceholder call CocActionAsync('showSignatureHelp')
augroup end
 
" Applying codeAction to the selected region.
" Example: `<leader>aap` for current paragraph
xmap <leader>a  <Plug>(coc-codeaction-selected)
nmap <leader>a  <Plug>(coc-codeaction-selected)
 
" Remap keys for applying codeAction to the current buffer.
nmap <leader>ac  <Plug>(coc-codeaction)
" Apply AutoFix to problem on the current line.
nmap <leader>qf  <Plug>(coc-fix-current)
 
" Map function and class text objects
" NOTE: Requires 'textDocument.documentSymbol' support from the language server.
xmap if <Plug>(coc-funcobj-i)
omap if <Plug>(coc-funcobj-i)
xmap af <Plug>(coc-funcobj-a)
omap af <Plug>(coc-funcobj-a)
xmap ic <Plug>(coc-classobj-i)
omap ic <Plug>(coc-classobj-i)
xmap ac <Plug>(coc-classobj-a)
omap ac <Plug>(coc-classobj-a)
 
" Remap <C-f> and <C-b> for scroll float windows/popups.
if has('nvim-0.4.0') || has('patch-8.2.0750')
  nnoremap <silent><nowait><expr> <C-f> coc#float#has_scroll() ? coc#float#scroll(1) : "\<C-f>"
  nnoremap <silent><nowait><expr> <C-b> coc#float#has_scroll() ? coc#float#scroll(0) : "\<C-b>"
  inoremap <silent><nowait><expr> <C-f> coc#float#has_scroll() ? "\<c-r>=coc#float#scroll(1)\<cr>" : "\<Right>"
  inoremap <silent><nowait><expr> <C-b> coc#float#has_scroll() ? "\<c-r>=coc#float#scroll(0)\<cr>" : "\<Left>"
  vnoremap <silent><nowait><expr> <C-f> coc#float#has_scroll() ? coc#float#scroll(1) : "\<C-f>"
  vnoremap <silent><nowait><expr> <C-b> coc#float#has_scroll() ? coc#float#scroll(0) : "\<C-b>"
endif
 
" Use CTRL-S for selections ranges.
" Requires 'textDocument/selectionRange' support of language server.
nmap <silent> <C-s> <Plug>(coc-range-select)
xmap <silent> <C-s> <Plug>(coc-range-select)
 
" Add `:Format` command to format current buffer.
command! -nargs=0 Format :call CocAction('format')
 
" Add `:Fold` command to fold current buffer.
command! -nargs=? Fold :call     CocAction('fold', <f-args>)
 
" Add `:OR` command for organize imports of the current buffer.
command! -nargs=0 OR   :call     CocAction('runCommand', 'editor.action.organizeImport')
 
" Add (Neo)Vim's native statusline support.
" NOTE: Please see `:h coc-status` for integrations with external plugins that
" provide custom statusline: lightline.vim, vim-airline.
set statusline^=%{coc#status()}%{get(b:,'coc_current_function','')}
 
" Mappings for CoCList
" Show all diagnostics.
nnoremap <silent><nowait> <space>a  :<C-u>CocList diagnostics<cr>
" Manage extensions.
nnoremap <silent><nowait> <space>e  :<C-u>CocList extensions<cr>
" Show commands.
nnoremap <silent><nowait> <space>c  :<C-u>CocList commands<cr>
" Find symbol of current document.
nnoremap <silent><nowait> <space>o  :<C-u>CocList outline<cr>
" Search workspace symbols.
nnoremap <silent><nowait> <space>s  :<C-u>CocList -I symbols<cr>
" Do default action for next item.
nnoremap <silent><nowait> <space>j  :<C-u>CocNext<CR>
" Do default action for previous item.
nnoremap <silent><nowait> <space>k  :<C-u>CocPrev<CR>
" Resume latest coc list.
nnoremap <silent><nowait> <space>p  :<C-u>CocListResume<CR>

source : https://github.com/junegunn/vim-plug

curl -fLo
~ /.vim/autoload/plug.vim --create-dirs \
    https://raw.githubusercontent.com/junegunn/vim-plug/master/plug.vim

⇒ Création d'un dossier .vim/autoload/ et copie de plug.vim dedans.

Dans .vimrc, rajouter en fin de fichier (ici un plugin vim-easily-align) :

call plug#begin()
" The default plugin directory will be as follows:
"   - Vim (Linux/macOS): '~/.vim/plugged'
"   - Vim (Windows): '~/vimfiles/plugged'
"   - Neovim (Linux/macOS/Windows): stdpath('data') . '/plugged'

" Shorthand notation; fetches https://github.com/junegunn/vim-easy-align
Plug 'junegunn/vim-easy-align'

" Initialize plugin system
call plug#end()

Installer nodejs auparavant : https://github.com/nodesource/distributions/blob/master/README.md#debinstall

# Using Ubuntu
curl -fsSL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_14.x | sudo -E bash -
sudo apt-get install -y nodejs

Modifier .vimrc et rajouter :

call plug#begin()

Plug 'neoclide/coc.nvim', {'branch': 'release'}

call plug#end()

Puis lancer vim et installer le plugin

Nombreux extensions : https://github.com/neoclide/coc.nvim/wiki/Using-coc-extensions

Et relancer vim et lancer :

:CocInstall coc-jedi

ou :CocInstall coc-pyright

  • technique/vim.txt
  • Dernière modification: 2022/01/06 15:00
  • de francoisa